AskDefine | Define senator

Dictionary Definition

senator n : a member of a senate

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. Originally, a position in government held in ancient Rome by experienced, elder officials as advisors or consultants for younger, less experienced functionaries.
  2. A member, normally elected, in the house or chamber of a legislature called a senate. The legislatures of the United States and Canada have senators.


member in the house or chamber of a legislature called a senate
  • Czech: senátor
  • German: Senator
  • Hungarian: szenátor


Extensive Definition

Alternative meanings

The terms Senate and Senator, however, do not necessarily refer to a second chamber of a legislature:
  • In Finland, until 1919, the Senate was the executive branch and the supreme court.
  • In the German Bundesländer of Berlin, Bremen and Hamburg, the Senates (or Senat in German) are the executive branch, with Senator (Senator) being the holders of ministerial portfolios. Moreover, also in Germany, bodies of usually five judges in higher courts of appeal hearing and deciding cases are called "senates", although the judges are not called "senators". However, in the Land of Bavaria, the Senate was the upper house of parliament until its abolition in 1999.
  • In Scotland, judges of the High Court of Justiciary are called Senators of the College of Justice.
  • In some, mostly federal countries with a unicameral legislature, some of the legislators are elected differently from the others and are called Senators. In federal countries, such Senators represent the territories, while the other members represent the people at large (this device is used to allow a federal representation without having to establish a bicameral legislature); this is the case with St. Kitts and Nevis, Comoros and Micronesia. In other, non-federal countries, the use of the term Senator marks some other difference between such members and the rest of the legislators (such as the method of selection); this is the case with the States of Jersey and Dominica's House of Assembly.
  • The Senate can be the ruling body of a university.

National senates in the world

Defunct senates

Fictional senates

External links

senator in Arabic: مجلس الشيوخ
senator in Belarusian: Сенат
senator in Asturian: Senáu
senator in Catalan: Senat
senator in Czech: Senát
senator in Danish: Senat
senator in German: Senat
senator in Estonian: Senaator
senator in Spanish: Senado
senator in Esperanto: Senato
senator in French: Sénat
senator in Galician: Senado
senator in Croatian: Senat
senator in Indonesian: Senat
senator in Italian: Senato
senator in Hebrew: סנאט
senator in Georgian: სენატი
senator in Kurdish: Senato
senator in Lithuanian: Senatas
senator in Dutch: Senaat (volksvertegenwoordiging)
senator in Japanese: 元老院
senator in Norwegian: Senat
senator in Portuguese: Senado
senator in Romanian: Senat
senator in Simple English: Senate
senator in Slovak: Senát
senator in Serbian: Сенатор
senator in Finnish: Senaatti
senator in Thai: วุฒิสภา
senator in Turkish: Senato
senator in Ukrainian: Сенат
senator in Venetian: Senato
senator in Chinese: 参议院

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

MP, Member of Congress, Member of Parliament, alderman, assemblyman, chosen freeholder, city father, congressman, congresswoman, councilman, floor leader, lawgiver, lawmaker, legislator, majority leader, minority leader, party whip, representative, solon, state senator, whip
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